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Rattles, the Belted Kingfisher

I hope that by this point in your in-depth walk through “The Burgess Animal Book for Children” you are encouraged. Encouraged especially in reading Burgess’ accounts of North American birds and seeing it line up with the details that Cornell Lab shares about these birds. I, for one, am so grateful that our family found this resource and that we chose to walk through it slowly together. I know that most curriculums mark out these chapters to go quickly through it and don’t even necessarily walk through the whole book, but we have benefited through going through it slowly and spending 2 years enjoying it.

As I looked over what Burgess wrote about Rattles and what Cornell Lab entails about the Belted Kingfisher, this encouragement only strengthened! Listen to Cornell Lab’s summary characterization of this little fish eater:

With its top-heavy physique, energetic flight, and piercing rattle, the Belted Kingfisher seems to have an air of self-importance as it patrols up and down rivers and shorelines. It nests in burrows along earthen banks and feeds almost entirely on aquatic prey, diving to catch fish and crayfish with its heavy, straight bill. These ragged-crested birds are a powdery blue-gray; males have one blue band across the white breast, while females have a blue and a chestnut band.

source- allaboutbirds.org

Burgess characterizes the same unique details about Rattles and plays off what Longlegs, the Great Blue Heron, feels about a rather unhappy fishing party. Unhappy because of Rattles self-important fishing strategy:

Presently, Rattles flew out and plunged into the Smiling Pool again, this time, very near to where Longlegs was patiently waiting. He caught a fish, for it is not often that Rattles misses. It was smaller than the first one Peter had seen him catch, and this time as soon as he got back to the Big Hickory-tree, he swallowed it without thumping it against the branch. As for Longlegs, he looked thoroughly put out. For a moment or two he stood glaring angrily up at Rattles. You see, when Rattles had plunged so close to Longlegs he had frightened all the fish. Finally Longlegs seemed to make up his mind that there was room for but one fisherman at a time at the Smiling Pool. Spreading his great wings, folding his long neck back on his shoulders, and dragging his long legs out behind him, he flew heavily away in the direction of the Big River.

Rattles remained long enough to catch another little fish, and then with a harsh rattle flew off down the Laughing Brook. ‘I would know him anywhere by that rattle,’ thought Peter. ‘There isn’t any one who can make a noise anything like it.’

Burgess, The Burgess Bird Book for Children, Living Book Press, p. 106-107

Here are many different angles of Rattles’ call, a sight of him eating a fish, and sitting through a different fishing party:

Gotrails

Here is the rest of our gathering about the Belted Kingfisher:

Form 1, Grade 3 student

Until next time, keep on birding! <3 Kate

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Longlegs, the Great Blue Heron

Who doesn’t love spotting a Great Blue Heron wading through water on the shallow edge of a lake or pond? It is so calming to see how they hunt for a meal while they are stalking their prey above the water. They move slowly as they search, but when it comes to catching a fish they seem lightening fast. Something that I found really interesting from Cornell Lab’s Allaboutbirds.org is that, “Great Blue Herons can hunt day and night thanks to a high percentage of rod-type photoreceptors in their eyes that improve their night vision.” I had no idea that they could do that, did you?

Great Blue Herons are really interesting shaped as well. Burgess writes about Peter Rabbit’s thoughts as he sees Longlegs flying in the sky,

“As Peter sat there trying to make up his mind which way to go, he saw coming from the direction of the Big River a great, broad-winged bird, flying slowly. He seemed to have no neck at all, but carried straight out behind him were two long legs… (And once he landed) If he seemed to have no neck at all when he was flying, now he seemed to be all neck as he stretched it to its full length. The fact is, his neck was so long that when he was flying he carried it folded back on his shoulders.” Thornton W. Burgess, The Burgess Bird Book for Children, Living Books Press

Cornell Lab attributes all of these neck capabilities to the Great Blue Heron having a special neck vertebrae. I think you can really see how differently their necks are shaped in the video below:

Cornell Lab

Here are the other things we found out about the Great Blue Heron in our research:

Until next time, keep on birding! <3 Kate

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King Eagle, the Bald Eagle

To be honest, it’s hard for me not to picture the Eagle from the various Angry Birds movies when I use the name King Eagle. However in reality these birds are much more majestic and regal than the characterization from those movies. They are also very well known. Cornell Lab’s allaboutbirds.org highlights that “the Bald Eagle has been the national emblem of the United States since 1782 and a spiritual symbol for native people for far longer than that.”

Bald Eagles are found throughout much of North America. I remember going on a trip to a river in southern Texas and seeing one as a child, feeling so exhilarated after actually seeing one in the wild. Now, when we go up to the Upper Peninsula we often see Bald Eagles soaring through the air as we are driving in the car, surrounded by the Great Lakes and fresh water in abundance.

Thornton W. Burgess includes King Eagle in the same chapter as Plunger the Osprey. Plunger has just secured himself a fish, after a few missed attempts, and as he flies off with his catch, King Eagle takes it from him. Allaboutbirds.org highlights this tactic:

Rather than do their own fishing, Bald Eagles often go after other creatures’ catches. A Bald Eagle will harass a hunting Osprey until the smaller raptor drops its prey in midair, where the eagle swoops it up. A Bald Eagle may even snatch a fish directly out of an Osprey’s talons. Fishing mammals (even people sometimes) can also lose prey to Bald Eagle piracy.

Had Benjamin Franklin prevailed, the U.S. emblem might have been the Wild Turkey. In 1784, Franklin disparaged the national bird’s thieving tendencies and its vulnerability to harassment by small birds. “For my own part,” he wrote, “I wish the Bald Eagle had not been chosen the Representative of our Country. He is a Bird of bad moral Character. He does not get his Living honestly. … Besides he is a rank Coward: The little King Bird not bigger than a Sparrow attacks him boldly and drives him out of the District.”

allaboutbirds.org

Benjamin Franklin clearly thought on this deeply. Do you feel the same way?

Here is the rest of our gathering for the Bald Eagle:

For more Burgess Birds in Detail, find them here!

Until next time, keep on birding! <3 Kate

Burgess Birds Coloring & Writing Pages

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Plunger, the Osprey

Chapter twenty in “The Burgess Bird Book for Children” is certainly a chapter full of magnificent birds. Brilliant at what they do and spectacular to watch, Ospreys are amazing to see up close and personal and if you live near water you may see them often. Here is their signature whistle for you to identify them even at a distance.

#MyBackYardBirding

This Osprey has something between his legs and feet, do you know what it is? Fish, that’s right! Ospreys have a very unique diet among other Raptors and are able to dive and catch fish. That is why they are often called Fish Hawks. (source)

Burgess captures Plunger patiently circling in order to catch his next meal:

A third time Plunger shot down and this time, as in his first attempt, he struck the water with a great splash and disappeared. In an instant he reappeared, shaking the water from him in a silver spray and flapping heavily. This time Peter could see a great shining fish in his claws. It was heavy, as Peter could tell by the way in which Plunger flew. He headed towards a tall tree on the other bank of the Big River, there to enjoy his breakfast.

Thornton W. Burgess, The Burgess Book for Children, Living Book Press, pp. 99-100

Let’s see what Peter saw:

BBC Two

This is really cool to see what is happening under water:

The Hare Whisperer

I could probably show you Osprey videos all day, because I am loving to watch them all day. But I will show you what we gleaned studying Plunger to wrap this up:

Form 1, Grade 3 Student

Truly magnificent birds… until next time, keep on birding! <3 Kate

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Creaker, the Common Grackle

I didn’t know a lot about birds as a kid and they weren’t really on my radar. However, Grackles are a bird that I knew and could identify as they came through our area in droves, gathering noisily together in trees!

One really interesting thing that we learned through Cornell Lab’s allaboutbirds is their impact on corn. They explain, “Those raggedy figures out in cornfields may be called scare-crows, but grackles are the #1 threat to corn. They eat ripening corn as well as corn sprouts, and their habit of foraging in big flocks means they have a multimillion dollar impact. Some people have tried to reduce their effects by spraying a foul-tasting chemical on corn sprouts or by culling grackles at their roosts.” (source)

It was amazing to read about their foraging ability from following farm equipment in order to catch rodents that are left vulnerable by their wake to prying open acorns to a behavior called anting which is truly amazing:

You might see a Common Grackle hunched over on the ground, wings spread, letting ants crawl over its body and feathers. This is called anting, and grackles are frequent practitioners among the many bird species that do it. The ants secrete formic acid, the chemical in their stings, and this may rid the bird of parasites. In addition to ants, grackles have been seen using walnut juice, lemons and limes, marigold blossoms, chokecherries, and mothballs in a similar fashion.

Allaboutbirds.org

So not only do Grackles forage for food, but they forage for solutions. Pretty amazing stuff, none of which I had any idea about as a child.

The ever present Peter Rabbit asks Creaker about his foraging for other birds’ eggs in The Burgess Bird Book for Children and puts him in the same category as Sammy Jay and Blacky the Crow for this tendency. But that is only after he adores Creaker’s coat. Thornton W. Burgess captures it perfectly,

Creaker the Grackle with the sun shining on him was truly beautiful. His head and neck, his throat and upper breast, were shining blue-black, while his back was a rich, shining brassy-green. His wings and tail were much like his head and neck. As Peter watched it seemed as if the colors were constantly changing. This changing of colors is called iridescence. One other thing Peter noticed and this was that Creaker’s eyes were yellow.

Thornton W. Burgess, The Burgess Bird Book for Children, Living Books Press, p. 96
Form 1, Grade 3 Student

I know my son agreed about Creaker’s coat and really enjoyed capturing his beautiful colors. You can see what we gathered using our resources! Until next time, keep on birding! <3 Kate

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Strutter, the Ruffed Grouse

Form 1, Grade 3 Student

A Ruffed Grouse, ever heard of it? I love this quote from the early conservationist Aldo Leopold, “The autumn landscape in the north woods is the land, plus a red maple, plus a Ruffed Grouse. In terms of conventional physics, the grouse represents only a millionth of either the mass or the energy of an acre yet subtract the grouse and the whole thing is dead.”

When you go to Cornell Lab’s allaboutbirds.org, you may be surprised by the amount of information that has been gathered and studied about the Ruffed Grouse’s eating abilities and habits. One of the interesting things about Strutter is that he is able to eat and handle many things that other birds would not be able to handle, that are even toxic. They further explain, “Ruffed Grouse can consume and digest large volumes of fibrous vegetation thanks to extra-long, paired pouches at the junction of the small and large intestines.” (source)

You can see from his writing page above that my son was really intrigued by the Ruffed Grouse’s drumming. Often times heard and thought of to be something else entirely.

See a little bit more here:

Lesley the Bird Nerd

Burgess writes about Strutter’s thunder:

Peter Rabbit’s intentions were of the best. Once safely away from that lonesome part of the Green Forest where was the home of Redtail the Hawk, he intended to go straight back to the dear Old Briarpatch. But he was not halfway there when from another direction in the Green Forest there came a sound that caused him to stop short and began slowly at first and then went faster and faster. Boom_ Boom_ Boom_ Boom-Boom-Boom Boo-Boo-B-B-B-B-b-b-b-b-boom! It was like the long roll on a bass drum.

Thornton W. Burgess, The Burgess Bird Book for Children, Living Press Edition, p. 93

It would certainly be wonderful to see Strutter in the forest. Until then, keep birding! <3 Kate

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Redtail, the Red-tailed Hawk

We live in a part of the United States where it so easy to catch a glimpse of this beautiful bird. I actually love the changing of Fall to Winter for this reason. As we travel around in our car during the day I’ll keep my eye on the sky, looking for a large bird soaring and circling. The Red-tailed Hawk is easily identifiable during this time because of its behavior and often times, its tail.

Cornell Labs captures something interesting about this behavior, “You’ll most likely see Red-tailed Hawks soaring in wide circles high over a field. When flapping, their wingbeats are heavy. In high winds they may face into the wind and hover without flapping, eyes fixed on the ground. They attack in a slow, controlled dive with legs outstretched – much different from a falcon’s stoop.” (source) That is such a vivid description of their descent to attack prey that I can picture it in my mind. We have had several occasions where a Red-tailed Hawk has landed in our yard and neighbors’ yards to catch a squirrel or small rodent. It’s really amazing that Hawks can see their prey so well from such a distance. Peter Rabbit was definitely careful for that reason!

This video about Redtail is such a nice compliment to Cornell Lab’s information and to Burgess’ writing of the bird:

Animal Fact Files

Here is what we gathered about Redtail:

Form 1, Grade 3 Student

Hope you can enjoy the aerial show of a Red-tailed Hawk soon! Until next time, keep birding! <3 Kate

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Teacher, the Ovenbird

I had never even heard about Ovenbirds before we read “The Burgess Bird Book for Children.” Burgess names the Oven Bird in his book Teacher because of the way it mimics his call, “Teacher, teacher, teacher, teacher, teacher!” And he explains why he is called the Ovenbird:

It is because of the way Mrs. Teacher and I build our nest. Some people think it is like an oven and so they call us Oven Birds. I think that is a silly name myself, quite as silly as Golden Crowned Thrush, which is what some people call me. I’m not a Thrush. I’m not even related to the Thrush family. I’m a Warbler, a Wood Warbler.”

Teacher in The Burgess Bird Book, Living Press Edition, p. 89-90

I believe that people may mistake North American Ovenbirds for Thrushes because of their coloring. Thrushes are usually rusty brown with black spots trailing down their white tummies. However, the Ovenbird’s size is much too small. They are closer the size of Sparrows or smaller, clearly in line with other Warblers. Let’s take a look at this Wood Warbler’s nest:

Nature of New England

I loved this find from Nature of New England because he also taught us a bit about the Ovenbird’s behavior, which we can use to identify them on the trails. He was on a hike in the woods and saw a little bird dart out from the forest floor in front of him, typical behavior for an Ovenbird.

The Cornell Lab also writes something helpful in identifying this bird in the woods, “The Ovenbird’s rapid-fire teacher-teacher-teacher song rings out in summer hardwood forests from the Mid-Atlantic states to northeastern British Columbia. It’s so loud that it may come as a surprise to find this inconspicuous warbler strutting like a tiny chicken across the dim forest floor. Its olive-brown back and spotted breast are excellent disguise as it gleans invertebrates from the leaf litter.” (Source: allaboutbirds.org)

It’s amazing to be a part of passing down this kind of knowledge to the next generation. We often think that we are all-knowing, but everything we know, especially about the natural world around us, is gleaned from the work of countless generations. Their curiosity and hunt for understanding is what we benefit from today, and that certainly is true of Thornton W. Burgess and his work!

Here is what we gleaned about Teacher the Ovenbird in our study:

Form 1, Grade 3 Student

Until next time, keep on birding! <3 Kate

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Sammy, the Blue Jay

We live in the midst of many trees and often hear the call “Jay Jay Jay.” I love that this is one call that everyone in my family can identify, from our 2 year old to my husband. You might have heard Sammy in the trees and not realized it before. Listen in on the call:

My Backyard Birding

Thornton W. Burgess actually gives Sammy Jay a big role in many of his books. This makes sense because they are prominent and well-known birds. They are very easily identified, however, you may not know that they are actually very intelligent.

Burgess writes about Sammy and Blacky the Crow in a chapter labeling them both robbers. But he picks up on the intelligence and even help Blue Jays can give to other birds.

There are no sharper eyes anywhere than those of Sammy Jay, and I’ll have to say this for him, that whenever he discovers any danger he always gives us warning. He has saved the lives of a good many of us feathered folks in this way. If it wasn’t for this habit of stealing our eggs I wouldn’t have a word to say against him, but at that, he isn’t as bad as Blacky the Crow….

Burgess speaking through the character of Jenny Wren p. 85, Living Books Press Edition

Even allaboutbird.org identifies that “Blue Jays are known to take and eat eggs and nestlings of other birds, (adding) but we don’t know how common this is. In an extensive study of Blue Jay feeding habits, only 1% of jays had evidence of eggs or birds in their stomachs. Most of their diet was composed of insects and nuts.” (source)

Here are the other things we gleaned from our resources about Sammy Jay:

Form 1, Grade 3 Student

Blue Jays are smaller than a crow, but surprisingly, they are still quite big. It’s amazing to see their sharp demeanors and strength as they go about their day around the spinney. Until the next time, keep on birding <3 Kate

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Blacky, the American Crow

“Caw, caw, caw” is a ringing call that many people would recognize by sound. Crows are large birds and very intelligent. Allaboutbirds mentions:

“Crows sometimes make and use tools. Examples include a captive crow using a cup to carry water over to a bowl of dry mash; shaping a piece of wood and then sticking it into a hole in a fence post in search of food; and breaking off pieces of pine cone to drop on tree climbers near a nest.”

The Intelligence of Crows- Hawaiian Crows “Alala”

Burgess captures a scene where a distressed Mr. and Mrs. Robin have come to their nest expecting to find their eggs, only to find the eggs have been broken and eaten by Blacky the Crow. Crows are omnivores and will eat almost anything. You may have been on a road trip in a secluded area and have seen them indulging in some carrion, which is the fancy term for roadkill. Did you know that they cannot break open the skin of an animal with their beak? They have to wait for another animal to break open the carcass and then they can eat some of it. Allaboutbirds adds that while you may see this sometimes, carrion is not a large part of a crow’s diet. Maybe you can find some information on other things they eat using your resources!

Here is another helpful thing because in the field it can be difficult to recognize whether you are seeing a Raven or an American Crow:

Carnegie Museum of Natural History

It is so interesting to learn a little bit more about birds, isn’t it?! Here is what we gathered from using Cornell Lab’s Allaboutbirds and our Burgess reading:

Form 1, Grade 3 Student

Until next time, keep birding! <3 Kate